Typically this refers to a bone marrow transplant with the goal of replacing non-working cells with healthy working cells. Bone marrow is a rich source of stem cells that have the unique ability to divide over and over to provide new cells and as they divide, they have the ability to change into other types of cells. Our white blood cells, red blood cells and immune cells are derived from stem cells.
Researchers continue to improve stem cell transplantation procedures and associated outcomes helping make a stem cell transplant an option for more patients. However, patients must undergo intensive chemotherapy prior to a stem cell transplant and the procedure is not without risk. It’s important to talk to your doctor about all possible options.